The Via Francigena, Franchigena, Francisca or Romea, is part of a bundle of routes, also called Romee streets, which led from Central Europe, especially from France, to Rome. In southern Italy, especially in Puglia, is attested also via Francesca, linked to the practice of pilgrimages, that certain approach to the Via Francigena claiming to be its continuation south to Jerusalem, although there are no historical evidence of this claim.
The first archive documents mentioning the existence of the Via Francesca date back to the ninth century and refer to a stretch of road in the countryside of Chiusi, in the province of Siena, while in the tenth century the bishop Sigerico described the path of a pilgrimage that made from Rome, which had come to be received by the Pope the "pallium", to return to Canterbury, on what is already the twelfth widely called Via Francigena. The Document Sigerico represents one of the most significant evidence of this network of roads in the European Middle Ages, but does not exhaust the many alternatives that came to define a dense web of connections that the pilgrim walked according to the season, the political situation of the local landscapes, religious beliefs related to the relics of the saints
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The Via Francigena, Franchigena, Francisca or Romea, is part of a bundle of routes, also called Romee streets, which led from Central Europe, especially from France, to Rome. In southern ......